Volume 4 September 1, 2009 Obesity

OBESITY:  EPIDEMIC, EFFERVESCENCE, or EVOLUTION?

Per cent of Americans considered overweight in 1960: 24
Per cent of Americans considered overweight in 1980: 33
Average pounds heavier American men and women are now compared    to 1980 respectively: 17, 19
Increase proportion of overweight American children and adolescents since 1980: x2 , x3
Estimated annual cost of fuel to fly extra weight of overweight Americans: $250 million
Estimated cost to U.S. healthcare for overweight and obesity alone: $79 billion
Per cent of that cost borne by Medicare or Medicaid: 50
Normal Body Mass Index (BMI) and that of obese person respectively: < 25, > 30
How do you calculate your BMI: www.nhibisupport.com/bmi


World-wide increase in obesity (BMI >30) in last 10 years: 10-40%
Year World Health Organization first used the term “global epidemic of obesity”: 2005
Rank of U.S.
of 28 countries and per cent obese in 2005 respectively: 1 , 31%
Average per cent obese among the 28 countries: 14%
Number of countries with above average per cent obese: 11 of 28
Number of calories in an Oreo Chocolate Sundae Shake at Burger King: 1,010
Number of calories in a tablespoon of ketchup, sugar, or mayo respectively: 15, 45, 90
Number of teaspoons of sugar equivalent to a 20 oz. soft drink: 17
Per cent of all liquids consumed that were soft drinks (both regular and diet) in 1998: 30
Increase in per cent of daily calories from sugary drinks between 1975-2000: +30
Per cent of all consumed calories in the U.S. represented by soft drinks: 7%
Rank of soft drinks in the list of all foods consumed in the U.S: 1
Amount of annual revenue projected for a penny an ounce tax on soft drinks In New York
State: $ 1.2 billion
Estimated reduction in soft drink consumption by same tax: 13%
Estimated annual weight loss in average person by that reduction in consumption: 2 lbs
Chances that switching to artificially sweetened drinks will avoid weight gain:
maybe / maybe not (study results are mixed)
Number of teaspoons of sugar equivalent to a 12 oz. class of orange juice: 10
Chances that a person will eat more when presented with a larger portion: 53-73%
Calorie content of a normal bagel in 1990 and 2009 respectively: 140 , 350
Number of inches average person in the world is taller than in 1900: 1.9
Number of inches world champion swimmer is taller than average in 1900: 4.5
Number of inches that fastest world champion runner is taller than average in 1900: 6.4

References listed in New Yorker article (July 20, 2009) cited above:
The Fattening of America, Finkelstein and Zuckerman (Wiley)
The End of Overeating, David Kessler (Rodale)
Fat Land, Critser, 2003
Mindless Eating, Wansink, 2006
Globesity, Delpeuch et al. (Earthscan)
The Evolution of Obesity, Powers and Schulkin (Johns Hopkins Press)

PLUGGER DIET

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